Purchase PropertyStrategiesHow to buy business property with your superannuation: Part 2

February 19, 2011by Grow SMSF8

In business one of the highest overheads you have is rent.  Would you rather all that rent money going into your landlord’s pockets or funding your retirement nest egg?  You can buy business property using your super with an SMSF!

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Due to recent changes to the superannuation laws, you are now able to combine your existing superannuation savings with a special type of loan making it possible to own your business premises without the previously required large amount of capital.

This article follows on from the previous article: How business owners can BUY their premises using their super – Part 1

How much will it all cost to buy business property using super?

Purchasing a property in your SMSF via a custodian trust and limited recourse loan will definitely be more expensive than purchasing a property in your personal name.

However the additional upfront and ongoing costs will be offset by the fact that you are using your current superannuation savings – a pool of funds that was previously unavailable.

To give an example of the costs, let’s assume that you are looking to purchase a property worth $500,000 with a limited recourse loan of $325,000 (65% L-V-R):

SMSF establishment (including company trustee)$1,600

Custodian trust (including company trustee)$1,800

Professional advice fees (legal & SMSF advice)$3,100

Bank legal costs$2,500

Loan establishment fees (1%)$3,250

Total $12,250

In this example your SMSF would need to have $175,000 to cover the purchase price plus $12,000 for the above costs and just over $25,000 for stamp duty. You should also budget for unforseen expenses and costs relating to the purchase – meaning you would need approximately $225,000 to comfortably purchase this $500,000 property.

There are also ongoing costs to operate a SMSF. These costs are summarised as follows:

  • Annual SMSF accounting & audit costs$2,000 to $3,000
  • ASIC fee for SMSF trustee company$41
  • ASIC fee for custodian trustee company$218
  • ATO SMSF Levy(paid with your SMSF tax)$150

Although the above may seem like a lot, you would have a similar level of costs if you purchased the same property in a family trust.

The applicable interest rate on a SMSF limited recourse loan vary from lender to lender but will generally be higher than a residential property loan. As a rule of thumb take the standard variable rate of the lender (currently averaging around 7.70%) and add 1%.

If you and your business currently have a high level of borrowings with one lender (i.e. there is a lot of risk for that bank) you should add 2% to the standard variable rate.

As previously mentioned, if you utilise existing equity you have in other properties and on-lend those monies to the SMSF to fund the purchase, you will generally reduce the interest rate down to the same rate you are paying on your personal home mortgage.

This makes the ‘member-financed’ option more attractive – however it does tie up this source of capital for future investments and business expansion funding.

What types of business properties are suitable to buy with super?

Your SMSF is able to purchase any type of property as an investment; however the property cannot be used personally by the members of the SMSF or their families. This means no holiday homes you want to use personally or cheap rent (or even market rent) for a family member.

From the banks perspective you should be able to purchase any property that is income producing. This may include:

  • Residential properties
  • Shops
  • Warehouses
  • Factories
  • Strata-title offices
  • Medical suites or surgeries
  • Income producing land
  • Farms and rural properties*

*Loan to value ratios for rural properties are generally significantly lower – i.e. 50% or less.

Each lender has their own lending criteria so it is best to speak with a mortgage broker who can find the most suitable limited recourse loan for your SMSF property purchase.

It is also possible for your SMSF to purchase business related property (but not residential) from the members and their related entities. There are also significant capital gains tax rollover provisions available for business owners which reduce the transfer costs of the property to the SMSF. Most States also offer some form of transfer duty / stamp duty relief to transfer a commercial property into a SMSF (except Queensland).

What are the restrictions when you buy business property with super?

Overall, the ability for a SMSF to borrow using a limited recourse loan is a great strategy enabling business owners (large and small) to tax effectively purchase a premises for their business without the previously required large amount of capital.

However, there are some key limitations and restrictions that apply when a SMSF purchases a property using a limited recourse loan:

  • Any built up equity (via capital growth or loan principal repayments) cannot be accessed and redrawn.For this reason I recommend that any interest only periods on the loans be taken advantage of enabling the SMSF to build up surplus cash for further investment rather than reducing the principal on the loan.
  • Property owned by the SMSF via a limited recourse loan cannot be developed, sub-divided or improved as this may cause a ‘replacement asset’ which is prohibited under the laws that govern SMSFs.This is also relevant when a property is damaged by flood, fire or other natural disasters – even with the insurance proceeds a SMSF may not be able to rebuild without selling the damaged property out of the fund.
  • Leasehold improvements such as shop and office fit-outs can be made to the property, however these cannot be funded by the SMSF – they must be paid for by the business.
  • Market rent must be paid from your business to your SMSF for the lease of the property. Any unpaid rent needs to be treated the same way as if the tenants were an unrelated party.

The cherry on the top:

Many business owners perceive their business as being ‘their super’. This has been recognised by the Government and for this reason there are significant CGT concessions available that enable business owners to put over $1.1 million each over their lifetime into super from the sale of a business without those amounts not counting towards the contribution caps.

In addition, if you as a business owner decide to retain your business premises (in your SMSF) and lease them to the new owner, if you commence a pension from your SMSF once you turn 55, then the rental income received from the property with be 100% tax exempt.

Tax free income without having to retire to a Carribean tax haven – fantastic!

Summary:

For business owners, using your super to purchase business premises with a SMSF with a limited recourse loan has the following advantages:

  • Lower capital outlay (from business funds or personal savings)
  • Superior asset protection – super assets are protected from creditors
  • Tax effective investment with no Div7A loan or other tax problems
  • Tax exempt income flowing into the SMSF from age 55 and tax free pension income for the business owner from age 60
  • Monies paid by the business into the SMSF as rent do not count towards the restrictive contribution caps – meaning more money can be put into a tax effective environment
  • Business owners must have their business accounts and personal tax affairs in order before signing any contracts or applying for a limited recourse loan
  • Need to be aware of the restrictions, additional costs and projected cash flow of the investment
  • The loan application process will take longer than a normal property purchase – ensure you have extended finance and settlement periods in the contract

How can I help?

I am in the unique position of being one of the few accountants and SMSF Specialists in Australia who has a proven history of helping business owners purchase commercial property using their super.

I can work with you and your accountant to do the following:

  • Undertake a cash flow analysis to determine how much you require to purchase your desired business premises and what the annual cash flow position will be
  • Determine an appropriate strategy for you to get the required capital into your SMSF to enable a purchase
  • Establish a new SMSF for you or attend to the upgrade of your existing SMSF to ensure that it is able to borrow and also will get through the banks rigorous legal reviews
  • Set up the custodian trust and trustee company which will be the legal owner of your property
  • With the help of our in-house mortgage broker determine the most suitable SMSF limited recourse loan provider and loan structure for your situation
  • Liaise with your chosen lender and step you through the entire SMSF property purchase process all the way through to settlement
  • Provide an accountant sign off confirming that the SMSF limited recourse loan strategy if suitable for your situation (required by the banks)
  • Undertake the ongoing annual accounting work for your SMSF via the market leading Superfund Partners system which provides you with cost effective SMSF administration and online access to up to date reports
  • Arrange the annual audit of the SMSF through one of our independent SMSF specialist auditors

How do I get started?

Secondly you need to contact me so we can get started on your SMSF business premises purchase.

If you have any questions or comments, please don’t hesitate to share them below.

In business one of the highest overheads you have is rent. Would you rather all that rent money going into your landlord’s pockets or funding your retirement nest egg?

Due to recent changes to the superannuation laws, you are now able to combine your existing superannuation savings with a special type of loan making it possible to own your business premises without the previously required large amount of capital.

8 comments

  • Lana Dawson

    June 8, 2011 at 11:17 am

    We own our warehouse, also paying off our second warehouse can we put these into our super?

    • Kris_Evolved

      June 9, 2011 at 3:51 am

      Hi Lana,

      Yes – you can use a SMSF to acquire ‘business real property’ you currently own such as warehouses.

      Where there is an existing borrowing attached to a property, the SMSF would need to refinance the borrowing and utilise a holding trust / bare trust to hold the title of the property (rather than own it directly in its own name).

      There are a lot of details and things to consider, but I have never seen a case where the benefits of transferring a property to a SMSF did not greatly exceed any short term costs.

      Please take the time of review some more of my articles – click on ‘Purchase Property’ on the right hand side above for more information on buying / transferring property to a SMSF.

      Any other questions please let me know – many other people will have the same questions.

      Kris

  • Blue Mini

    September 28, 2011 at 8:35 am

    Hi Kris
    We are purchasing a commercial property, shop down stairs and a completely seperate residence up stairs.  This has been purchased on one title and has gst applied to the entire purchase.

    I think it is too late to change the way we have borrowed currently but after the sale is complete, can we buy this as our SMSF?  We have $100k in super and will only have a mortage of 60%, property value is $710 plus gst.

    Also can we live in the up stairs residence as the entire purchase has been treated as commercial>  The shop down stairs will be leased long term.

    • Kris_Evolved

      September 30, 2011 at 6:24 pm

      Hi Blue

      OK, to enable your SMSF to purchase the property from you, it needs to be ‘Business Real Property’.  To meet this criteria, the property needs to be used wholly and exclusively in a business.  Wholly and exclusively being the key.

      So long as the residential portion of the property is on the same title, the property WILL NEVER meet this condition.

      If it is possible to split / sub-divide / strata the title, then your SMSF could purchase the title to the commercial property (but not the residential portion).

      You would also likely incur another whack of stamp duty depending on what State the property is located in.

      To be clear, based on the facts you have provided it is not possible, and it is never possible for a SMSF to acquire a residential property from the members.

      Thanks
      Kris

  • SteveO

    October 17, 2012 at 3:25 pm

    Hi Kris,

    I am looking at buying a property with my SMSF that is currently zoned residential (it is next door to a commercial property) with a view to leasing it to my consulting business. My understanding of the council regulations is that I will be able to run the business from there without any approvals (i.e. self assessment in Brisbane City Council area).

    Anyway, the property could also be rented out as a residence without any dramas so I think it works both ways.

    Anyway, my question is: How far can you go with a “leaseholder fit out”. If my company leases the building and wants to:
    – upgrade the bathroom / kitchen
    – install a shed out the back
    – clean up the grounds
    – raise the house and build in underneath

    How many of these things (if any) would be permissible? If you could clarify what is a fitout and what might be considered a backdoor super contribution it would help me make a decision as to how best to buy this property.
    Thanks

    • Kris_Evolved

      October 20, 2012 at 2:10 pm

      Hi Stevo

      My opinion without any checking / further information from you is that the above would be considered capital improvements rather than leasehold improvements.

      Of the above things you list, if it was an arms-length arrangement, they likely wouldn’t happen, except for maybe the shed which could be relocated / removed o termination of the lease if required.

      Also note that any improvements paid by an outside party can be considered contributions if they result in the increase of the capital of the fund – i.e. an increase in value.

      Also note that if you are converting a residential property to a commercial premises, then you may in fact be creating a replacement asset. Where a SMSF buys a property using a loan / LRBA then this will breach the applicable laws.

      Have a look at this ruling for more info:

      http://law.ato.gov.au/atolaw/view.htm?Docid=SFR/SMSFR20121/NAT/ATO/00001

  • SteveO

    October 17, 2012 at 3:32 pm

    Hi again Kris,

    I forgot to ask one further question:

    If the building is zoned residential and I end up purchasing it in my own name does that mean that I cannot sell it to the super fund at a later stage (perhaps after I’ve improved it)?

    Does this change if I am leasing it to my business company at the time of transfer?

    I’m just seeking clarification because in another post and in other info I’ve read, the definition of ‘business real property” is “used wholly as business” or similar. If I am leasing it to my business and it is used wholly for that business at the time of sale does this make it “business real property” for SMSF compliance?

    Thanks a lot

    • Kris_Evolved

      October 20, 2012 at 2:12 pm

      Basically yes.

      You would obviously need to seek more specific advice about the exact situation and how the law / rulings apply to you.

      Please contact me if you have any further questions.

      Kris

Comments are closed.

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